CONVENTION SUR LA DIVERSITE BIOLOGIQUE

413 Saint-Jacques street, suite 800
H2Y 1N9
MONTREAL  (Canada)
www.cbd.int
Dr Braulio F. de Souza Dias, Executive Secretary
Dr. Dias has over three decades of experience in biodiversity science and policy and its implementation at national and international levels. He brings a unique combination of scientific training and extensive experience in negotiation. He obtained a BSc in Biological Sciences from the University of Brasilia and went on to obtain his PhD in Zoology from the University of Edinburgh in 1981. While working as division chief for environmental studies for the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, and as Associate Professor of Forest Protection and Ecology at the University of Brasilia, he became increasingly involved in the negotiations leading up to the adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity. He was involved in the meetings of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee of the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1991 and 1992, served on the Brazilian Delegation for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992, as well as on the Intergovernmental Committee of the CBD in 1993 and 1994. Mr. Dias has since participated in each of the meetings of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity as a member of the Brazilian Delegation, and was one of the co-organizers of the eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, held in Curitiba Brazil in 2006. He has also been a member of the Brazilian Delegation in most of the meetings of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA), and was vice president of the SBSTTA bureau representing Latin America 1994-1996. During the period 1992-2011, he participated extensively in the major inter-sessional meetings and workshops of the CBD, and played a prominent role in the preparation, conception and negotiation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets, which was adopted by Governments in Nagoya Japan in October 2010. His scientific background and training has been mobilized in the service of a number of international initiatives relating to biodiversity science and policy. He was a member of the Scientific Steering Committee and the Advisory Committee of the DIVERSITAS Program from 1997 to 1999, coordinator of the Steering Committee of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN/OAS) from 1997-2002 and vice-president of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS) from 2004-2007. Dr. Dias also was a member of the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP/UNEP) of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) from 2006 to 2007. Mr. Dias’ experience at the international level is informed by his work at the national level in Brazil in implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity. Among others, he coordinated the National Biodiversity Programme (PRONABIO) since 1994, coordinated the negotiations for the creation of Brazil’s National Biodiversity Policy (1998-2002) and coordinated the National Biological Diversity Project – PROBIO (1996-2005). His interest in ways to mainstream biodiversity into the activities of other economic sectors was realized in his coordination of the National Biodiversity Mainstreaming and Institutional Consolidation Project – PROBIO II (2009-present) and his work on the relationship of business and biodiversity. He has occupied leading positions in the Brazilian Federal Government administration. Before joining the Secretariat, he was Secretary of Biodiversity and Forests at the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment since September 2010, and before that was Director for Biodiversity Conservation since 1999, overseeing national biodiversity and forest programs directly implemented by the Ministry of the Environment and the national programs implemented by institutes subordinate to the Ministry. Mr. Dias joins the Secretariat at the beginning of the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity and the first years of implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. He speaks English, Portuguese and Spanish. He is married and has one son.
Dr. Dias has over three decades of experience in biodiversity science and policy and its implementation at national and international levels. He brings a unique combination of scientific training and extensive experience in negotiation. He obtained a BSc in Biological Sciences from the University of Brasilia and went on to obtain his PhD in Zoology from the University of Edinburgh in 1981. While working as division chief for environmental studies for the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, and as Associate Professor of Forest Protection and Ecology at the University of Brasilia, he became increasingly involved in the negotiations leading up to the adoption of the Convention on Biological Diversity. He was involved in the meetings of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee of the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1991 and 1992, served on the Brazilian Delegation for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992, as well as on the Intergovernmental Committee of the CBD in 1993 and 1994. Mr. Dias has since participated in each of the meetings of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity as a member of the Brazilian Delegation, and was one of the co-organizers of the eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, held in Curitiba Brazil in 2006. He has also been a member of the Brazilian Delegation in most of the meetings of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA), and was vice president of the SBSTTA bureau representing Latin America 1994-1996. During the period 1992-2011, he participated extensively in the major inter-sessional meetings and workshops of the CBD, and played a prominent role in the preparation, conception and negotiation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets, which was adopted by Governments in Nagoya Japan in October 2010. His scientific background and training has been mobilized in the service of a number of international initiatives relating to biodiversity science and policy. He was a member of the Scientific Steering Committee and the Advisory Committee of the DIVERSITAS Program from 1997 to 1999, coordinator of the Steering Committee of the Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN/OAS) from 1997-2002 and vice-president of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS) from 2004-2007. Dr. Dias also was a member of the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP/UNEP) of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) from 2006 to 2007. Mr. Dias’ experience at the international level is informed by his work at the national level in Brazil in implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity. Among others, he coordinated the National Biodiversity Programme (PRONABIO) since 1994, coordinated the negotiations for the creation of Brazil’s National Biodiversity Policy (1998-2002) and coordinated the National Biological Diversity Project – PROBIO (1996-2005). His interest in ways to mainstream biodiversity into the activities of other economic sectors was realized in his coordination of the National Biodiversity Mainstreaming and Institutional Consolidation Project – PROBIO II (2009-present) and his work on the relationship of business and biodiversity. He has occupied leading positions in the Brazilian Federal Government administration. Before joining the Secretariat, he was Secretary of Biodiversity and Forests at the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment since September 2010, and before that was Director for Biodiversity Conservation since 1999, overseeing national biodiversity and forest programs directly implemented by the Ministry of the Environment and the national programs implemented by institutes subordinate to the Ministry. Mr. Dias joins the Secretariat at the beginning of the United Nations Decade on Biodiversity and the first years of implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020. He speaks English, Portuguese and Spanish. He is married and has one son.

Les ressources biologiques de la Terre sont primordiales pour le développement économique et social de l'humanité. De ce fait, il y a une reconnaissance de plus en plus grande que la diversité biologique est un atout universel, d'une valeur inestimable pour les générations présentes et futures. Au même moment, à ce jour, les menaces qui pèsent sur les espèces et les écosystèmes n'ont jamais été aussi grandes. La disparition d'espèces en raison des activités de l'homme se poursuit à un rythme alarmant.

C'est pour toutes ces raisons que le Programme des Nations Unies pour l'environnement (PNUE) a convoqué le Groupe de travail spécial d'experts sur la diversité biologique en novembre 1988, en vue d'explorer le besoin de créer une convention internationale sur la diversité biologique. Peu après, en mai 1989, le PNUE a institué le Groupe de travail spécial d'experts techniques et juridiques afin de préparer un instrument juridique international sur la conservation et l'utilisation durable de la diversité biologique. Les experts devaient prendre en considération « la nécessité de partager les coûts et les avantages entre les pays développés et les pays en développement » ainsi que les « voies et moyens pour soutenir l'innovation par les populations locales. »

En février 1991, le Groupe de travail spécial était devenu le Comité intergouvernemental de négociation. Ses travaux se sont achevés le 22 mai 1992 avec la Conférence de Nairobi pour l'adoption du texte convenu de la Convention sur la diversité biologique.

La Convention a été ouverte à la signature le 5 juin 1992 lors de la Conférence des Nations Unies sur l'environnement et le développement (le « Sommet de la Terre » de Rio). Elle est restée ouverte à la signature jusqu'au 4 juin 1993, période au cours de laquelle elle a reçu 168 signatures. La Convention est entrée en vigueur le 29 décembre 1993, 90 jours après la 30e ratification. La première session de la Conférence des Parties a eu lieu du 28 novembre au 9 décembre 1994 dans les Bahamas.

La Convention sur la diversité biologique a été inspirée par l'engagement croissant de la communauté internationale envers le développement durable. Elle représente une avancée majeure dans la conservation de la diversité biologique, l'utilisation durable de ses composantes et le partage juste et équitable des avantages découlant de l'utilisation des ressources génétiques.


The Earth's biological resources are vital to humanity's economic and social development. As a result, there is a growing recognition that biological diversity is a global asset of tremendous value to present and future generations. At the same time, the threat to species and ecosystems has never been so great as it is today. Species extinction caused by human activities continues at an alarming rate.

 

In response, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) convened the Ad Hoc Working Group of Experts on Biological Diversity in November 1988 to explore the need for an. international convention on biological diversity. Soon after, in May 1989, it established the Ad Hoc Working Group of Technical and Legal Experts to prepare an international legal instrument for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. The experts were to take into account "the need to share costs and benefits between developed and developing countries" as well as "ways and means to support innovation by local people".

 

By February 1991, the Ad Hoc Working Group had become known as the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee. Its work culminated on 22 May 1992 with the Nairobi Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

 

The Convention was opened for signature on 5 June 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio "Earth Summit"). It remained open for signature until 4 June 1993, by which time it had received 168 signatures. The Convention entered into force on 29 December 1993, which was 90 days after the 30th ratification. The first session of the Conference of the Parties was scheduled for 28 November – 9 December 1994 in the Bahamas.

 

The Convention on Biological Diversity was inspired by the world community's growing commitment to sustainable development. It represents a dramatic step forward in the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.











       

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